Rare is a fast-growing international conservation organization already making strides towards promoting widespread sustainable fishing practices in multiple countries. One of the countries is Indonesia with the goal of improving near shore fisheries. Most of the small-scale fisheries in Indonesia are inherently local: fishers from coastal communities’ fish their near-shore waters and sell their catch in the local market. These fisheries are anchors to the local economy – a key part of the social and cultural fabric of the archipelago and essential to the nation’s food security. To ensure sustainable coastal fisheries, effective management must focus at the same level as the activity: locally. But, devolution of fisheries management authority from the Indonesian national government to the district level and the subsequent re-absorption to the provincial level has left critical gaps in effective fisheries governance across coastal communities.
Since 2014, Rare in Indonesia has used behavior-centered design to build a community’s agency and capacity to address coastal fishing challenges and adopt more responsible fishing behaviors. To develop this agency and capacity, we have created a suite of tools that enables fisheries data collection, fisheries management body development, fisher goal-setting and management plan development, and a process for Managed Access - Reserve (MA-R) implementation. Central to the Fish Forever model is the proven “TURF-R” system (Territorial Use Rights for Fishing + Reserve) with its eight elements of success components (Figure 1). This model combines spatial property rights for fishing areas with marine reserves (or No Take Zones - NTZs), protecting key habitats where fish stocks can rebuild. As fish populations recover in these reserves, a spillover effect can improve catch in the adjacent fishing zones.
To create country level movement that promotes change in marine conservation and fisheries management regimes, Rare Indonesia needs to change its approaches. The new law No 23/2014 on Regional Government withdraws district government’s authority and gives back the authority to provincial government. This power shifting advocates us to work more strategically, so for example, instead of working sporadically at the site level in many provinces, we shall focus on one or two selected provinces. Innovative approaches include allocate potential MA-R sites under existing marine areas management regime to support legal recognition. Shifting the capacity building strategy from individual focus to a collective team focus is another approach, this requires us to create incentive systems and training models that are more practical yet rewarding. Lastly, we also need to integrate sustainable financing mechanisms that will sustain MA-R and behavior change initiatives in the long run.
The position will support the implementation of MA-R for changing coastal fisheries at project sites; focus area will be on SE Sulawesi province where Rare has a 3-year extensive intervention. The Senior Program Manager (SPM) works in close collaboration with and reports to the Program Director. The SPM also needs to work with the Policy Department of Rare-Indonesia and key managers in Program Implementation Department to ensure that elements of legal framework, sustainability and institutional development of MA-R are well integrated and implemented. The SPM will develop creative approaches and practical innovations to advance the transition of small-scale fishers and near shore fisheries from unregulated-open-access model to managed one. Some key approaches will be to strengthen understanding and buy-in from local implementing partners (local governments) about MA-R, facilitate communities in selected sites to implement MA-R and found all pillars of Fish Forever Program firmly during the project time-span. S/he will work closely with small field team to develop and execute plan to advance MA-R, with special focus on getting the implementing partners stick with project key milestones and providing technical assistances.
The Financial Inclusion Consultant will exercise independent judgment regarding the 2 following areas, in consultation with the Senior Manager for Capacity Building and Program Directors:
Develop an effective and strategic program implementation
Assist effective project management activities
Required Experience and Education