Rare is a fast-growing international conservation organization already making strides towards promoting widespread sustainable fishing practices in multiple countries. One of the countries is Indonesia with the goal of improving near shore fisheries. Most of the small-scale fisheries in Indonesia are inherently local: fishers from coastal communities’ fish their near-shore waters and sell their catch in the local market. These fisheries are anchors to the local economy – a key part of the social and cultural fabric of the archipelago and essential to the nation’s food security. To ensure sustainable coastal fisheries, effective management must focus at the same level as the activity: locally. But, devolution of fisheries management authority from the Indonesian national government to the district level and the subsequent re-absorption to the provincial level has left critical gaps in effective fisheries governance across coastal communities.
Since 2014, Rare in Indonesia has used behavior-centered design to build a community’s agency and capacity to address coastal fishing challenges and adopt more responsible fishing behaviors. To develop this agency and capacity, we have created a suite of tools that enables fisheries data collection, fisheries management body development, fisher goal-setting and management plan development, and a process for Managed Access + Reserve (MA+R) implementation. Central to the Fish Forever model is the proven “TURF-R” system (Territorial Use Rights for Fishing + Reserve) with its eight elements of success components (Figure 1). This model combines spatial property rights for fishing areas with marine reserves (or No Take Zones - NTZs), protecting key habitats where fish stocks can rebuild. As fish populations recover in these reserves, a spillover effect can improve catch in the adjacent fishing zones.
To create country level movement that promotes change in marine conservation and fisheries management regimes, Rare Indonesia needs to change its approaches. The new law No 23/2014 on Regional Government withdraws district government’s authority and gives back the authority to provincial government. This power shifting advocates us to work more strategically, so for example, instead of working sporadically at the site level in many provinces, we shall focus on one or two selected provinces. Innovative approaches include allocate potential MA-R sites under existing marine areas management regime to support legal recognition. Shifting the capacity building strategy from individual focus to a collective team focus is another approach, this requires us to create incentive systems and training models that are more practical yet rewarding. Lastly, we also need to integrate sustainable financing mechanisms that will sustain MA-R and behavior change initiatives in the long run.
The position will support the implementation of MA-R for changing coastal fisheries at project sites; focus area will be on all provinces where Rare works. The Financial Inclusion (FI) Manager works in close collaboration with and reports to the Program Director. The FI Manager works with the Policy Department and Technical Department of Rare-Indonesia to ensure that elements of sustainability and institutional development of MA-R are well designed and implemented. The FI Manager develops simple yet applicable innovations and creative approaches to advance the transition of fishers and near shore fisheries from the informal to the formal economy. A key approach will be to integrate organizational learning from the Sustainable Finance pillar into the MA-R project. He/she will work closely with the Program Director to develop plans to advance MA-R, with special focus on finding all possible solutions to support MA-R in the long run and ensure that local organizations that are created through MA-R will sustain and flourish.
The Financial Inclusion Manager will exercise independent judgment regarding the 3 following areas, in consultation with the Program Director:
Manage multiple interventions for province-based MA-R
- Work closely with local implementing partners to manage and facilitate the production of required project deliverables, with specific emphasis on financial sustainability pillar, in effective ways;
- Conduct assessments of fisheries markets, economic development, institutional structures and financial services to identify ways to improve community financial literacy and community enterprise development;
- Provide direct and indirect training support of implementing financial inclusion interventions in the MA-R program, i.e. Savings clubs, Fisher Associations, to improve financial planning and financial expertise in target communities;
- Provide direct and indirect support and integrate with projects in the policy and governance pillar, to assist with training of Village facilitators in the execution of the guidelines for Village Fund procurement and disbursement for small-scale fisheries management;
- Provide direct and indirect support of implementing technology-based intervention in MA-R program, i.e. OurFish, as main platform for measuring fishery production and value and integrating with financial inclusion approaches;
- Ensure Rare’s integration of strategic pillars of policy and governance, community engagement and financial sustainability is implemented methodically and lessons learned across provinces are documented and used to improve program approaches;
- Assist local implementing partners in overcoming barriers to implementation of the sustainable finance pillar, including relationship management, training in technical skills and time management;
- Design a change process that will accommodate addressing resistance, wide participation and learning requirements of various stakeholders in implementing the MA-R program.
- Provide direct and indirect support of implementing MA-R to local implementing partners in the field, including creating mechanisms to capitalize on lessons from existing or previous MA-R program strategies and conducting site support visits and project quality control to assess deliverables and outputs;
- Create an adaptable program integration model to effectively generate and allocate resources for MA-R implementation of the sustainable finance pillar, on a sustainable basis.
- Create alignment of the sustainable finance pillar with Rare’s M&E model and methodologies and global data needs and manage data and conduct data analyses.
Develop an effective and strategic MA-R program
- Develop community based institutions to incentivize adoption of MA-R;
- Lead financial inclusion training activities, including developing training materials and promoting cross-site learning and networks building, in particular in building the financial resilience of communities and integrating with M&E methodologies;
- Lead process of developing Financial Inclusion models to strengthen MA-R with government partner’s capacity building program;
- Strengthen networks and develop collaborative efforts with Universities and other NGOs to ensure stronger government partner’s buy-in to MA-R program.
Assist effective project management activities
- Assist team to manage time, cost and quality of MA-R project implementation including provision of innovative project management instruments;
- Manage expenditures of the program, review implementing partner activity budgets and expense reports, and contribute to fundraising activities as needed.
- Build and maintain networks and relationships with local implementing partners and capitalize these networks to increase Rare profiles or project’s bright spots;
- Create communication plans with all related stakeholders to build project ownership and support throughout project time span;
- Manage, communicate and report on activities and progress, towards final outcomes of each program element.
Required Experience and Education
- A minimum of 5 years of experience in coastal community development and developing financial inclusion and community enterprise approaches in the sustainable use of natural resources;
- Strong understanding of socioeconomic technical data needed for MA-R design, and environment and socioeconomic issues especially those related to incentives to improve community livelihoods and food security;
- Proven expertise in project planning, project management, and management skills and demonstrate people-oriented focus;
- Proficient in English and Bahasa Indonesia language skills – both written and oral;
- Experience in using MS Office suite, databases, graphics and willing to learn new software;
- Bachelor’s degree in a relevant field required, Master’s degree highly preferred;
- Experience in solving problems and ability to apply conflict resolution and negotiation techniques to achieve results;
- Proven success in being able to thrive in team environments, solution oriented, having a strong understanding of diversity and other cultures;
- Ability to self-manage and to adjust to competing priorities and allocate time as necessary to get the job done.